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The Kyrgyz Republic is located in Central Asia and has an area of 199 thousand square kilometers, or 77,540 square miles, placing it 85th worldwide.1 This landlocked nation stretches 900 km east to west and 410 km north to south, and has a predominantly mountainous relief. The Kyrgyz Republic borders Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the south-west, Tajikistan to the south, and China to the east and south-east. The climate is continental; air temperature varies from -40°С in the winter to +40°С in the summer.
By its administrative and territorial system the Kyrgyz Republic belongs to unitary states and consists of 7 oblasts. Its capital is Bishkek, which is a city of national status. The Kyrgyz Republic has a permanent population of a little over 5.22 mln people, being the least populated country of Central Asia. The density of population in the Kyrgyz Republic is 26 people per square kilometer. About 90 ethnicities live in the country. The indigenous people, the Kyrgyzs, represent 69%, the Uzbeks 15%, and the Russians 9% of the population.
The national language of the Kyrgyz Republic is Kyrgyz, while the official language is Russian. Both languages are being used on equal terms and are employed for administrative purposes; however, under the legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic,5 the Kyrgyz version of a document is considered to be its original version. In its official relations with foreign nations (receptions, meetings, development and ratification of documents) the Kyrgyz Republic uses the national language, while in relations with the CIS countries it also uses the official language. The political system of the Kyrgyz Republic is defined in the Constitution9. According to separation of powers principle set forth in the Constitution, the state authority of the Kyrgyz Republic is represented by legislative, executive, and judicial branches cooperating under the rule of the President.
President: Almazbek Atambaev
Prime Minister: Sooronbai Zheenbekov
Population (2015): 5,895,062; (Jan-Jun 2016) 6 044 014
Life Expectancy(2015): 70 years, women – 75; men – 67
Ethnic groups(2015): Kyrgyz 73%, Uzbek 14.6%, Russian 6%, Dungans 1,1%, Tajik 0.9%;, Uygur 0.9%, other 3,5%
Religious groups: Muslim 75%, Orthodox Christian 20%, other 5%
Languages: Kyrgyz (state language); Russian (official language)
Literacy rate: 98.7%
Capital and largest city: Bishkek (formerly Frunze) – 937.4 thousand people (2015)
Area: 76,641 sq mi (198,500 sq km)
Climate: Temperate continental, lowlands average summer temperature: 26* C, winter -5* C
Time Zone: GMT +5
Administrative divisions: Seven oblasts (regions) divided into rayons (districts)
Legislature: Zhogorku Kenesh (Parliament) - seats by party: SDPK - 38, Respublika Ata-Jurt - 28, Kyrgyzstan - 18, Onuguu-Progress - 13, Bir Bol - 12, Ata Meken - 11.
Judicial System: Based on civil law system of Kyrgyz Constitution
GDP/PPP (2015): 423635.5 mln soms;
GDP per capita: 74.4 ths soms;
GDP growth rate (2015): 3.8%
Unemployment: 2.4% (2015); 2.2% (Jan-Jun 2016)
Major industries: textile industry, mining, energy
Exports: $1 676,4 mln (2015); $361,3 mln (Jan-Mar 2016)
Exported goods (2015): gold ( $ 669,4 mln), land, air and water transport and their parts ($ 112.3 mln), minerals (coal, peat, energy products) ($ 102 mln), machinery, equipment and mechanisms ($ 75.6 mln), vegetable products ($ 73. 5 mln), textiles ($ 68.9 mln), food, beverages, tobacco ($ 45.5 mln), non-precious metals and their products ($ 31.9 mln), plastic, rubber and rubber products ( $ 27.5 mln), chemical industry products ($ 23.7 mln)
Exporting countries (2015): Switzerland (25.96%), Russia (25.88%), Uzbekistan (15.72%), Kazakhstan (12.47%).
Imports: $ 4 069 500 000 (2015); $ 733.9 mln (Jan-Mar 2016)
Imported goods: mineral products, machinery, equipment and mechanisms, non-precious metals and their products, chemical products, food products, textiles and textile products. (2015)
Importing countries (2015): China (57.03%), Russia (19.34%), Kazakhstan (5,9%), Uzbekistan (5%)(2014):
Mobile phone users: nearly 7,5 million (2015)
Internet users: 4 mln 173.7 ths (2015)
The level of Internet penetration in Kyrgyzstan: 43.7%. Most of the access points to the Internet are concentrated in Bishkek (72%). (2014)
The total length of roads (2015): 34 ths km. Of these, 19 ths km have the status of public roads.
The length of the roads that make the international transport corridor and the main regional highways - 2242 ths km (2014)
Railroads: 470 km
Water roads: 600 km
Ports and harbors: Balykchy (Issyk-Kul province)